Spring Forward

Clocks have been dutifully moved forward and we’re all a bit sleep-deprived.   The great outdoors reveals daily–sometimes hourly–changes as spring happens.  Vibrant green, accompanied by pops of color, appear at every turn as I enjoy a post-sunrise stroll through the garden.

Demanding my eyes turn toward the ground is this blast of sunshine in flower form, Golden groundselPackera obovata, .


Adjacent to the groundsel, one of my two Mountain laurel trees, Sophora secundiflora, calms the groundsel’s screaming yellow with dripping blue-purple clusters.


The other Mountain laurel boasts blooms whose faces reach toward the emerging blue sky, enjoying the warming sun.


Not outdone by either yellow or purple, a CrossvineBignonia capreolata, showcases  belled blossoms for pollinators, though in early morning, no visitors have arrived.


Giant spiderwort, Tradescantia gigantea, currently dominates the floral palette of the back garden.   A passalong plant from years ago, it is a triumphant spreader of royal purple.

This Spiderwort group decorates the front garden; no doubt, it will also seed out, given the work of the bees.


The Spiderwort cluster pairs with two second-year Martha Gonzales roses.


Burgundy in foliage and scarlet in petals, this tough rose is a must-have for my garden.


Planted last autumn after Hurricane Harvey laid waste half of an Arizona Ash tree, the happy-faced, tough-as-nails Blackfoot daisyMelampodium leucanthum,  is open for blooming business and will relish the full sun now available.


An as-yet unfurled Wild red columbineAquilegia canadensis, awaits its flowering turn in the morning sun.

Daily changes of seasonal beauty allow pollinators and gardeners satisfaction with their efforts.  What’s in your spring garden?

March to Spring!

Here in Austin, Texas (zone 8b), gardener giddiness is palpable.  Gardens and wild spaces are greening up and blossoming out.  It’s March!  Spring–visual and meteorological–is imminent, and daily garden evolution attests to that reality.  The first blooms in my garden have appeared and are set to lead the botanical charge for a new growing season.

Giant spiderwort, Tradescantia gigantea, is a native wildflower and a reliable early bloomer.  Individual plants take their turns blooming, feeding pollinators, and setting seeds throughout the spring months.  Summer heat renders Spiderwort dormant.

Rainfall is welcome for new spring blooms.


Globe mallowSpaeralcea ambigua, is not native to Central Texas, but instead, to points west.  In full sun and with good drainage, this gorgeous shrub is a cool season bloomer in Central Texas.

A hungry honeybee joined me in admiration of the blooms; I looked and admired, but she has more “wings” in the game.

When she flew off (to one of my backyard hives?), she was covered in pollen!

More blooming goodness is on the way–for honeybees and all other pollinators– awakening from winter and revving their pollinating engines.

Happy March! Happy Spring!

Rock rose (Pavonia lasiopetala): A Seasonal Look

If you’re a fan of pink, this is the post for you!

Rock rosePavonia lasiopetala, is a small shrub adorned with blooming Barbie-doll pink flowers through much of the growing season.  In my Austin garden, the first blooms appear in late April, with stragglers showing up as far into the calendar year as early December.  The charming hibiscus-like flowers,

…framed by fuzzy, scalloped foliage, are congenial and reliable garden partners.  A water-wise perennial shrub, Rock rose flowers are visited by many winged things:  butterflies, bees (both native and honey), and hummingbirds.  I guess all that pollination activity explains why they seed out so readily–I always have many seedlings to share.

Honeybees and several varieties of native bees regularly work the blooms. Most of the butterflies who visit Rock rose blossoms are smaller skippers and hairstreaks.

With its mallow blooms ranging from subtle, sweet pink,

…to garish, stopp’em-in-their-tracks pink,

…this shrub is a must-have for anyone gardening in Central Texas and southward into Mexico.

Masses of blooms

A single flower paired with blooms-about-to-happen. Rock rose isn’t a host plant for any insect that I’m aware of, but someone’s been nibbling at these leaves.


In winter, Rock rose retains some of its leaves, but definitely thins out;  I guess I’d label it as semi-evergreen.  I typically wait until late February to prune back  the shrubs to about 10-12 inches in height.  In fact, I just completed this winter chore.

Look closely to see the nearly naked limbs of February just-pruned Rock rose shrubs.  This garden boasts a cluster of Rock rose shrubs which border a walkway.

As with all things winter in my zone 8b garden, now is a good time to prune and clean out garden detritus which has accumulated.

The leaves of my American sycamore, Platanus occidentalis tangle in the web of Rock rose limbs.


Throughout March and April, the foliage will return–vigorous and verdant–ahead of the rosy charmers.

This is an April shot of several Rock rose shrubs bordering a walkway.

The first set of blossoms sprout in spring, blooming prolifically through summer, depending upon rainfall and /or irrigation.

Opening at dawn, the flowers remain available for critter pollinating and gardener viewing until afternoon, when they shutter their petals for the night.  As summer temperatures creep upwards, the blooms close earlier, often by mid-afternoon.  This is especially true of those growing in full sun. Well, why not??  It’s hot out there and closing the flower shop early in the day is how these plants conserve moisture during the dry, toasty summer months.

Because Rock rose produces masses of flowers, with heaps of seeds following, I typically prune a second time, by about one-third, sometime between  May and late June, depending upon rainfall.  I do this for two reasons: one–to limit seed dispersion after blooming (read: a good, old-fashioned “dead-heading”);  two–to shape the shrubs and encourage new growth.  Rock rose blooms on new wood, and if the gardener prunes the shrub 2-3 times in the growing season, the plants look tidier.  That said, I’ve seen many Rock rose shrubs go unpruned during the growing season and the worst result is that they’re leggy and floppy and produce multitudes of seeds, resulting in more Rock rose plants.

That’s not a bad thing.

Flowers open alongside developing and developed seeds.

Rock rose is a stellar summer bloomer, even during drought, but the flower show  declines unless there’s measurable rainfall.  In the driest period of summer, supplemental watering is appreciated, but Rock rose is a water-wise plant and thrives without much irrigation.

I  prune once more in late August, ahead of the autumn rains, shorter days, and the promise of cooler temperatures.  This readies the pink wonders for their autumn show!

As the temperatures cool in autumn, the flowers still open early, but  stay open until sundown.

I like Rock rose planted in groups of three, or more.  This maximizes visual impact in the garden and pollinators have plenty of pink to partake of.   It combines beautifully with other plants:

Rock rose paired with Katie’s Dwarf Ruellia.

One of my favorite combinations is rosy Rock rose planted with sunshine yellow Zexmenia (Wedelia acapulcensis var. hispida).

Rock rose, Zexmenia, and Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) are a winning combo in spring and summer.


Rock rose performs best in full sun, but handles significant shade, with diminished flowering; I wouldn’t recommend it for deep shade. Shrubs growing in shade (and sometimes, those in sun) may develop mildew on the foliage.  Typically, the mildew resolves and other than temporary unsightliness, isn’t an issue, but it’s something the gardener should consider when choosing to plant this perennial.  When it happens, I prune offending shrubs and the foliage rebounds.

Another issue with Rock rose is its proclivity for seed production.  If you grow this shrub, you will have Rock rose babies each year.

A volunteer Rock rose beside the pond.

The Rock rose which border the raised bed are all volunteers. They’ve grown out of the crack between the retaining wall and the driveway.  Even in full, west sun, these Rock rose shrubs never wilt.  Who knew that concrete is such an effective mulch?

You can pull seedlings and compost, transplant them elsewhere in your garden, or give them away.  More than likely, you’ll do all three of those things.  The seed bounty of this native plant–while annoying–is a gift.

From left to right:  two open blooms, a bloom about to open, a newly closed bloom with developing seeds, and in the background, a seedhead with seeds nearly ready to disperse.

When my shrubs develop this many seedheads, I grab my Felco pruners and have at it!  I prune the branches as little as 4-5 inches to as much as 12 inches, all depending upon how big I’ve let my shrubs get (ahem!).  The goal is new stem growth and a new set of blooms.

The seeds in the middle of this photo are ready for dispersal.

Newly formed seeds (green) and mature seeds (brown).

As well as providing for pollinators, I have witnessed various finches nibbling at the seeds, so Rock rose’s worth for wildlife extends beyond the blooms.

For those gardening with deer guests, Rock rose is only mildly deer-resistant.

Rock rose is not a long-lived shrub.  I’ve read that individual plants live approximately 5 years.  I can vouch that some of my plants have died at around 5 years, but most have lived far longer.  If you notice foliage turning yellow and  withering as if needing water (and you’ve irrigated or have had rain), don’t try to save the plant–it’s done.  Your best bet is to yank it out and plant one of the many seedlings which have popped up in your garden.

Rock rose is a lovely, tough, blooming shrub providing plenty for pollinators and birds.  It requires some maintenance during the growing season in the form of regular pruning, but is otherwise an easy-peasy plant to grow, with rewards aplenty.







In mild winters, the foliage remains. In colder winters, more of that foliage will disappear.