White mistflower, Shrubby boneset (Ageratina havanensis): A Seasonal Look

Is this fresh snow, newly laden upon branches?

While suggestive of frosty stuff, these white fluffs are instead the wonderful cotton-like flower clusters of White mistflowerAgeratina havanensis, glorious in autumn blooming.

White mistflower, also known as Shrubby boneset and Havana snakeroot, is a native Texas shrub, ranging from the Edwards Plateau region of Texas to northern Mexico.  It’s promoted as appropriate for growing zones 7-11.  In colder areas, the mistflower is deciduous, but retains some, or all, foliage further south.  My White mistflower hasn’t been deciduous for several years, though prolonged hard freezes have stripped the shrub of most, if not all, of its foliage in past years.  Best with more, rather than less, sun, this mistflower blooms fairly well in partial sun (some direct morning, with afternoon dappled), like what exists in my back garden.

The arched branches are obvious in this photo.

White mistflower is not a shrub that should be regularly pruned, nor pruned formally, as its many slender, arching limbs create a casual effect in the garden.  The prettiest mistflower shrubs I’ve seen have all been situated on slopes, in full sun, cascading in frothy waves over rocks.  My one shrub grows under the canopy of a deciduous oak tree, in moderately heavy clay soil and on a flat surface.  To counter the amorphous form of mistflower, I’ve planted some structural companions.

The Softleaf yucca provides a structural  contrast to the meandering ways of the White mistflower.

The tiny flowers are borne in terminal clusters and cover the shrub for 3-4 weeks in the fall.  I don’t always prune my shrub back after winter, so I can usually count on enjoying a few spring blooms.  The flower clusters flush pink just before they open in full and they are pollinator magnets.

Migrating Monarch butterflies adore these tiny flowers! I’ve counted as many as 20 on my shrub.

As do the honeybees!

This Tachinid fly also loves the White mistflower blooms, along with Frostweed blooms–both boast  white flowers in autumn.

There are many kinds of pollinators who visit the mistflower blooms:  bees (native and honey), a variety of butterflies and moths, flies, and hummingbirds.   The White mistflower is also the host plant for Rawson’s Metalmark butterfly. When blooming, the flower clusters blanket the back garden with a sweet/spicy fragrance.  The flowers and pollinators that White mistflower attracts are the primary reasons this shrub is a desired garden addition, but it’s also water-wise and somewhat deer resistant.

My biggest problem with White mistflower is that birds love to flit through the shrub, eating insects along the branches, and once it’s time for spring pruning, I don’t posses the heart to whack it back to the ground.  I like shrubs that provide cover for the birds, and since mine rarely looses all its leaves, I’m reluctant to completely cut the shrub back. The result is that over the past few years, my mistflower has grown quite large and unwieldy.

I remedied my aversion to mistflower pruning late this past spring:  I pruned the mistflower down to about 12 inches and moved it to a slightly different spot where it will receive a smidge more sun.  By pruning this growing season, I’ll have a tidier shrub in autumn.  I’ll pinky swear to be a better mistflower gardener in the future.

I will prune the White mistflower in late winter.

I will prune the White mistflower in late winter.

I will prune the White mistflower in late winter.

There!  I’m sure that will do the trick for me!

The beauty of the blooms last well into December, as the seed heads are also attractive.

Still in flower, some seed heads are beginning to form.

The spent blooms-to-seed heads become a warm, toasty color, retaining their fun fuzz factor, and are decorative until a hard freeze and/or winter winds scatter them.  I usually spot a few seedlings in spring and summer and have shared many with other gardeners.

Post bloom period, the seed heads are attractive–less bright white, more muted.

The foliage thins as temperatures drop and sunlight diminishes.

Once a hard, lasting freeze happens, the shrub drops all remaining leaves and is dormant for until late February or early March.  (That’s here in Austin–further north, dormancy will last longer, south of Austin, foliage will flush out earlier, or may remain evergreen.)


October, November and even December are peak points of interest for the White mistflower, but it’s a lovely plant during other times of the growing season.  In spring, brilliant foliage adds to the greening of the garden.

When I prune my mistflower, the shrub bounces back quickly, limbs shooting upwards and arching gracefully as time march towards summer.  A few scattered blossom clusters appear in late spring/early summer, though it’s only a pale preview of the fall blossom show.

During summer, the shrub is tough–never wilting in heat, nor languishing in drought.

But it’s in the fall that the mistflower demands attention–and gets it!

I’m thrilled when buds begin developing!

The blooms never disappoint!


White mistflower is an easy plant to grow.  It requires minimal watering (after it’s established), is an excellent wildlife and pollinator plant, and provides mostly year-round  interest.  If you garden in Texas, it’s a must-have shrub for the native plant lover and wildlife provider.  It’s probably evergreen, or nearly so, in South Texas, deciduous in north Texas, something in-between in Central Texas.  It’s lovely everywhere!  If you garden elsewhere, check out your county extension agent’s office and local gardening community for information about this valuable shrub.

In spring and summer: White mistflower is full and lush and provides cover for wildlife:

This is an early spring (March?) shot after a hard pruning in February.

In autumn: snowy, fuzzy beauty abounds!

Here, the blooms are developing, but not quite open.

The flower clusters appear to weigh down the limbs.

In late fall and winter, seed heads are attractive.  The shrub may or may not be evergreen, it simply depends on where it’s planted.


30 thoughts on “White mistflower, Shrubby boneset (Ageratina havanensis): A Seasonal Look

  1. I will never understand the aversion to pruning. I know that a few scrub plants like ceanothus should not be pruned, and that azaleas are not worth cleaning out. Yet, MOST plants do not get pruned enough, or get pruned improperly. If mistflower benefits from severe pruning, the birds will find some other scruffy plant to hang out in. When I grow elderberry, I intend to alternate canes. There are plenty of wild elderberry for the doves to hang out in. In my own garden, I want to prune to promote berry production. The same goes for roses (those that benefit from pruning). Very few people prune them severely enough.


    • I don’t generally have aversions to pruning, but I do with the mistflower. It’s gorgeous in its full, arching self and the birds just love it. That said, it will get its haircut on a regular basis. I totally agree with you about roses and also most salvia species–they’re much better if pruned properly.

      Liked by 1 person

      • Today, just after writing that previous reply, I had to prune a forsythia that is encroaching into a walkway! The canes would have been perfect if allowed to grow through summer! I feel horrible about it. I will probably cut it way back after bloom next year so that it will not encroach right away.


  2. Tina her photos are magnificent and her blog very instructive. Thank you. Mistflower is a wonderful and very beautiful plant. Its flowers are divine with their cottony shape, when they take that pinkish color when they open, when they are seed heads: I always love them. They are very fond of butterflies, moths, bees and other pollinators. Mistflower is a plant that has it all: beauty and usefulness: I love it. Tina is not surprised that she has it, and she looks beautiful in her garden. Have a good week and weekend. Greetings from Margarita.


    • Thank you< Margarita–I'm glad I'm able to grow at least one of these pretty shrubs in my garden. I wish I had room for more. You have a great week, too!


  3. My goodness — I did a double take when I saw you posting about your mistflower! I thought the seasons were even more confused than it’s seemed. But once I realized what you were up to, I thoroughly enjoyed the overview of the plant’s life cycle, and especially enjoyed seeing those blooms again.

    I well remember the day I came across this plant spilling down the rocks along that hill country highway. I wish my photos had been better, but it was high noon, and I wasn’t exactly as sure-footed as I could have been. Hiking boots might have kept me anchored to all that loose rock better. But I know I have some photos — I need to dig those out. Actually, I need to spend about a week finally organizing my photos. For a while, it was fine to just tuck them into files, but there are too many now, and most of the time I can’t find what I’m looking for. I need to photo-prune!

    Won’t it be nice when it cools a bit? I think the plants will be just as happy as we’ll be. I have found quite a number of happy flowers, though — mostly the mallows and such that grow in ditches where the water collects. We need that rain that’s forecast for next week!


    • I’m very tired of the heat. There was a time that it didn’t bother me so much–I do believe those days are done.

      I’ll bet the mistflower you saw was gorgeous. I just love to see them in their perfect situation and wish that I could offer mine a better one. Still, it does well and I’m looking forward to some blooms, though I pruned it back hard in May, so there won’t be much show this fall.

      Don’t forget all the aster family plants who adore the heat; they’re still in full swing too!

      Liked by 1 person

      • Can you believe I haven’t seen an aster in weeks? Of course, I’ve not been out and about much, either, because of the heat. As Granny used to say, “This, too, shall pass!”

        Liked by 1 person

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