The Purpling

Days are noticeably shorter now in late August.  Darkness greets my morning alarm and birds are quiet until well after I’m up and about.  Nightfall appears earlier, much more than a mere few weeks ago.  Autumn is palpable, though certainly not with cooler temperatures, at least not here in Central Texas.  Our daily (today marked number 43) century-plus numbers are still in play, but seasonal change is afoot.

This cluster of beauty berries showcases the transformation from green to purple.  The bird poop on the leaves is extra decoration.

In the last couple of weeks, the American beautyberryCallicarpa americana, has slipped out of its summer wardrobe and donned its hooray for autumn swag.  Eye-candy for the gardener and nutritious fruits for birds, the green, clustered drupes, grown since June from the remains of dainty pink blooms, have morphed to brilliant, metallic purple berries.

Green fruits,

…to purple.

This particular shrub in my back garden is about 3 years old and finally exhibiting its graceful arching form.

Berries are cream-to-green, but purple-up over 7-10 days .  Triggered by the maturity of the drupe (and maybe light?), it’s a seasonal change I look forward to each hot August.

It gives me hope for the autumn to come.

Berries gather like bunches of party balloons along the branches of the shrub, the purple overwhelming the green, ready to pop in some lucky bird’s beak.

 

This beautyberry will grow larger, eventually filling the area of this small garden.

 

This beautyberry is the same age as the one above, but I transplanted it to a different spot in my front garden exactly one year ago.

Beautyberry is a good shade plant, though this one receives more sun than the back garden beautyberry. I’ve noticed that it’s grown more quickly, but has also required more water.  In fact, the slight droop of the leaves in this photo indicates a thirsty plant.  Since June, I’ve watered this shrub once per week, significantly more than the back garden beautyberry, which grows in shade.

In my garden, Blue Jays and Mockingbirds are the main consumers of these berries.  Some years, the beautyberry greedy birds descend and devour the berries just as they turn color; other years, the berries remain on the shrub well into winter, the birds obviously getting sustenance somewhere else.

And that’s fine with me.

I prefer those years when the birds let me enjoy the beauty of the berries, at least for a time.

It’s Purple Time

My garden is graced with purple:  purple blooms, foliage, and fruits continue with a seasonal tradition of a purple-to-lavender champion performances during the long Central Texas summer. Of course other colors dot the landscape, but plants which rock the purple hue thrive after months of heat, with (typically) little rain, and rule the month of August.  It’s purple time!

Foliage recovery is in full swing for this Branched foldwing, Dicliptera brachiata,            , which appeared unannounced, but welcomed, in my garden a couple of years ago.

Munched stems are recovering their green.

This restrained and unobtrusive little native perennial hosts the Texan Crescent butterfly.

Texan Crescent nectaring in spring on Golden groundsel.

My garden enjoys a nearly year-round population of these pollinators because I grow several of its host plants in the Acanthus family, including the Branched foldwing. The caterpillars do a nibbling number on the foldwing’s leaves, but the plant rebounds with aplomb, leafing out again and again, and setting blooms in late summer.

Dainty and unpretentious, the lavender–not really purple–flowers provide for tiny pollinators.

 

Drummond’s ruellia, Ruellia drummondiana, is another native Texan that loves the heat and demonstrates that affection with daily doses of purple goodness.

Opening early in the morning and closed by late afternoon, the blooms are loved by many-a-buzzing pollinator.  I’m rather fond of them myself!

I like the foliage, too. An attractive green-gray, it’s full and lush from spring until the first hard freeze–whenever that happens.  I like to mix it with some evergreen plants, so that there’s some winter action while the ruellia plants rest up for summer.

Cast Iron Plant, Iris, and Sparkler Sedge provide some winter green structure alongside the ruellia.

 

The cultivar, Katie’s Dwarf ruellia, also called Mexican petunia by Texas AgriLife, produces similar blooms as the native ruellias, though larger and more purpley colored. The lance-like foliage structure and ground-cover growth habit allows this plant to front large plants beautifully.  Katie’s Dwarfs also fits well into a narrow garden.

A water-wise wonder,  I’ve had a couple of these tough Katie’s grow out of rocks;  that’s a plant I can get behind!

With a  bouquet-like demeanor, the Katie’s Dwarf bloom spectacularly in shade, in full sun, and everything in between.

 

Purple-luscious fruits of the American beautyberry,  Callicarpa americana, are nearly ready for the appetites of hungry Mockingbirds and Blue Jays.

Gone are the petite pink blooms which decorate this deciduous shrub in early summer. Instead, the fruits are morphing from green to garish metallic purple, preparing for the birds’ meals.

Beautyberry also has a graceful growing habit, lovely in any garden.

Beautyberry is a win for gardeners and for wildlife–and adds some purple vibe to my August garden.

The refreshing pond isn’t without its purple contribution in the form of a cleansing bog plant, Pickerel rush, Pontederia cordata.

With the ever-increasing shade thrown on my garden, these pretty blooms are less active with each passing summer.  I appreciate the foliage, but I miss the massive blooming show that was common 8-10 years ago when we first built the pond.  These blooms benefit from plenty of shining summer sun.

 

Another pond plant, this Ruby Red runner, an Alternanthera hybrid, adds a bit of purple-ish foliage fellowship to the waterfall.

I’m probably stretching the purple with this plant; I suppose it’s really more of a burgundy red, but I’ll lump Ruby Red into the purple camp.

Purple HeartSetcreasea pallida, is native to Mexico, but naturalized in many parts of Texas.  I grew up with this common groundcover; my mother planted it along with her banana plants.  No banana plants in my garden, but Purple Heart works in shade or sun as a border groundcover.

As well, I like it cascading over containers.  It brings a spot of color to a dark corner of the garden.

Reds, pinks, whites and yellows are biding their time for now, hunkering down against the blast of August heat.  Once the days are shorter and the rains more regular, the garden wheel of color will burst forward with a vivid spin.  But for the rest of August, I’ll treasure the purples for their late summer donations to garden color.

Pretty purples!

Joining with Garden Bloggers’ Bloom Day to celebrate the blooms of August, please pop over to May Dreams Gardens to enjoy blooms from many gardens.

American Beautyberry, French Mulberry (Callicarpa americana): A Seasonal Look

Here in Texas, we don’t really enjoy traditional autumn colors from our trees and shrubs as is common in New England, the Midwest, or even the Pacific Northwest.  The   dramatic foliage mosaic that defines “fall” for many doesn’t occur for us in October. Our deciduous trees transform their leaf color in response to less light and colder temperatures, but that conversion isn’t until late November/December and transpires  over a longer stretch of time, versus the spectacular two or three-week performance in October typical to other parts of the United States.  However, we in Texas are gifted a second blooming period in the fall months (until the first hard freeze), which rivals our spring beauty. Accompanying that second bloom extravaganza, there are many trees and shrubs which berry, providing food for indigenous and migrating birds.  My favorite of the berrying shrubs is the American Beautyberry or French Mulberry, Callicarpa americana. Continuing with the series, A Seasonal Look, I would like to share my experiences with this wonderful native shrub.

American Beautyberry is a native deciduous shrub throughout the American South, including Texas.  It is usually a medium-sized shrub, but can grow quite large in cultivated gardens. My original plant,

20111016_24_cropped_2495x1606..new

grew to about six feet tall and about ten feet across before it began a decline which continues, although the plant is still living.  This specimen,

20111007_11

…planted in the Howson Library garden in Austin, isn’t as large as mine, but it is substantial. Beautyberry develops arching branches and is best left in its natural form; it’s not a plant you want to prune for “neatness.”  In this natural form, it provides cover for wildlife and that’s always a good thing.  Gardeners can prune the dormant shrub to about a foot from the ground in late winter if a more compact size is the goal. I’ve never pruned my Beautyberries, except for stem waywardness (that’s a quirky definition) and when stems died, as has happened with my original shrub.

Known primarily for the showy, purple berries or fruits which form in clusters along the branches,

20111007_10.new

…the American Beautyberry is drought tolerant, a good wildlife plant, and a lovely landscape shrub for the Southern garden.  In late September, October, and November. it reaches the zenith of its beauty.   Those berries!

IMGP1192_cropped_3456x2654..new

IMGP1194_cropped_3064x3069..new

They are quite something in the garden.  I’ve always thought they look otherworldly, not entirely natural.

P1070295.new

That’s a natural color?

P1070142.new

Yes, the color is of this world and the birds love the berries!  Usually in my garden, it’s the Mockingbirds who stake their claim to ownership of the berries, one or two Mocks fighting off other birds for the privilege of fine bird dining that the sumptuous berries provide. But I’ve also seen Blue Jays as well, swooping onto the shrub, then hopping from branch to branch, plucking and munching as they go. The berries are an unusual, bright, almost metallic, purple, and if the birds don’t eat them up within a few weeks, gardeners can enjoy their gorgeousness for quite a long time. I’ve read that the fruits can be made into jelly, but I haven’t tried that, nor have I ever tasted either the berries or jelly. There are also white-fruited Beautyberries–White American BeautyberryCallicarpa americana var. lactea.  At Zilker Botanical Garden, several grow in the Green Garden and I’ve seen White Beautyberries for sale at nurseries. I like them and more importantly, the birds like them, but the purple has my heart.

P1070144.new

P1070303.new

Additionally, deer favor the leaves, so Beautyberry is not a good plant if you share your garden space with those particular mammals.  I said it was a good wildlife plant, didn’t I?

After the inevitable freeze, the berries (if birds have left any) shrivel up.  Also, after the first hard freeze, the foliage of the Beautyberry will turn yellow and drop.  The Beautyberry remains bare of leaves and (usually) of berries for the duration of winter.

20120215_1_cropped_4548x1954..new

This specimen is my original plant.  It’s about eighteen years old and began declining about a year ago. The branches died, one by one, and I’ve prune most of them off.   Assuming that the original was on its way out, I planted a new Beautyberry in October 2013,

P1070293.new

….next to the original.  The new Beautyberry has the tall stem which towers over the the original, which is significantly shorter and with fewer branches.  The original shrub produced berries this year,

P1070294.new

P1070298.new

P1070300.new

…but the new Beautyberry didn’t, though it bloomed in early summer.  Along with this new specimen in my front garden, I planted another in the back garden.

P1070308.new

…which sports fruit clusters this fall (2014).  The back garden Beautyberry receives no direct sun, only dappled light,

P1060951_cropped_3006x2320..new

…and the Beautyberry in the front receives dappled light most of the day, then is blasted by the last of the west sun.  The soil in which it resides dries out during the summer.  I hand-watered when the Beautyberry looked pathetic and it’s weathered its first summer well.

P1070297.new

The back Beautyberry is situated in generally moist soil, because of shade and the clay content of the soil. I think that explains the difference in fruit production for this year, though I expect both shrubs will produce berries equally as the plants mature and the roots establish themselves. According the the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center’s page on American Beautyberry, this shrub prefers a moist, bottomland type of soil, but I’ve seen them planted in a variety of situations.  Beautyberries thrive in either sun or shade and varying soil types, but are drought tolerant in shade or part shade, requiring more irrigation with more sun exposure. Beautyberry is adaptable.  My father grows a huge one in Corpus Christi, in full sun, in sand.  He irrigates more than I do.

Once spring temperatures warm and the days lengthen, fresh, new leaves emerge. Tiny at first,

20100911_12_cropped_3807x2608..new

…they grow rapidly to their full size.

P1030074_cropped_2746x3142..new

These photos show the newly planted Beautyberries from last spring, but established Beautyberry shrubs leaf out similarly. The leaves grow large, are thin rather than thick, and are light, bright green in color.  They form opposite from one another and are slightly serrated.  The leaves reportedly contain a chemical which repels insects from people and livestock. I haven’t tested that by crushing a leaf and spreading it on my skin, but I should,  as there are plenty of mosquitos in the gardens.

In May, the Beautyberry begins blossoming for about six weeks with delicate pink flowers.

20120528_32

P1050165.new

P1050166.new

Flowering occurs at the nodes of the leaves,

P1050167.new

P1050493_cropped_2827x2660..new

…and as the flowers fade,  the green fruits develop. The green berries remain on the main stem throughout summer.

The berries begin their gradual transformation to the iconic purple sometime in August,

P1060749_cropped_3760x2847..new

P1060844_cropped_3171x3229..new

along the stems of the shrubs, cluster by cluster.

P1060848.new

And then–Shazamm!

P1070183.new

P1070244_cropped_2641x3059..new

P1070292.new

Those are some purple berries!

I confess that I get annoyed in those years when the birds snarf the berries within a week or two of the Great Purpling.  I wish they’d leave them, just a little longer, for me to enjoy.  But while I may long for and appreciate the beauty of the berries, the birds need the berries for sustenance.  I plant this beautiful native shrub for the birds–I can’t really complain when they do what I want them to do–eat the berries, fill their tummies, and spread Beautyberry joy throughout the land–or at least, throughout the neighborhood.

So goes a year in the life of an American Beautyberry.  It’s a desirable understory shrub–valuable for its landscape qualities and its importance for wildlife.  Plant one today!

IMGP0546.new